Posts Tagged ‘science’


deutsche Frauen in der Technik

Tuesday 28 January, 2014

I checked out this event last month “Engaging Women in STEM: Perspectives from the United States and Germany,” which was sponsored by the German Center for Research & Innovation in the German consulate just across from the UN in New York. Apparently they are streaming this as long as it stays up, so I’ll just provide highlights here.

The bottom line benefit to women getting involved in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) is that women think differently, & these disciplines could use new lines of thought.  We need disruptive ideas & more of those come from more diversity, just as we need to do a better job of translating basic research into better applied research, & then developing that into market-ready products.

Despite the Apollo effect of Kennedy’s increase in NASA’s budget resulting in more PhD’s, mostly men, it’s telling, & perhaps disappointing, that the 1st woman in space came from the USSR.

Germany’s German Aerospace Center (DLR) is the German equivalent of America’s NASA, plus energy, transport, & security.  It has a budget of 1.8B € for 32 institutes on 16 sites.  They’ve provided equal opportunities for women for the last 10 years, in which women have taken 30% of all positions, & a division to keep watch over this since 2008, & a Chief Diversity Officer who sits on the Board of Directors.

BrainGate2 was cited as a good example.

In addition to commonly-accepted mentoring by senior leaders of aspiring junior level employees, perhaps we should consider reversing the hierarchy & have juniors mentor the seniors on new technologies with which they are more familiar.

Many things are changing which should encourage women to get more involved in STEM, such as changing demographics, traditional gender roles, reconciling work & home life, a skilled worker shortage, increasing cultural diversity, & last but not least, legislation.  The potential benefits of changes in policy are increased opportunities for women, employers being viewed as more attractive workplaces, & organizations simply becoming more creative.  Structure follows strategy, so a key is changing the mindset to balance reality with innovation.  Women are underrepresented in STEM for societal, individual, & organizational reasons.  There are implementation, responsibility, & cultural issues.  Vicious circles which enforce unwritten laws or codes from dominant insiders conspire to keep women down.  Commitment to change & including all stakeholders are critical success factors.

Women have a great societal impact on engineering.  Their diversity leads to increased creativity, which encourages innovation.  Role models, mentoring, networking, non-profit associations, & starting early all encourage women in this direction.  i2e or innovation, invention, & entrepreneurship should keep students from getting distracted.  The Urban Assembly is a good example of an organization which has promoted women in this area. (The CEO of my 1st employer Xerox, Ursala Burns, is a graduate of Brooklyn Poly) The bottom line is we must change the mindset of society to make a change in this direction.

Panel Q&A

A girls-only robotics lab reached the same results as boys, but with a different approach.  Girls ask “why?”, while the boys simply break it down or destroy it to understand it.

Open Q&A

There is no magic formula, although the necessity is clear.  We need an Artemis effect for women, just as we had an Apollo effect for men.

60% of medical students are female.  German women are successful in civil engineering, but no women sit on the board of DLR.  Although other women were offered the opportunity, the panel still consisted of 2 men & 1 woman.

Women in STEM is similar to women in finance.  Families must be made compatible with work.  Women with children should no longer be stigmatized.  We need an attitudinal shift.  STEM participation is too low for both men & women.  Secondary education must be revamped.

We had this same discussion in 1978.  Women drop out of these areas early.  We need to be honest with ourselves.

Does society really value STEM?  We need to change child care so that women can come back to their jobs.  Change will come when men care for their kids.  Daughters need to ask “What can I do with technology?”  There are many piecemeal solutions @ the policy level.


check czech tech

Tuesday 21 January, 2014

Last month I attended this event hosted by Czech Invest: Transatlantic Technology Transfer.  6 organizations made presentations, which are highlighted here:

  1. Central European Institute of Technology is an EU funded project/Center of Excellence which focuses on material & life sciences & advanced materials.  It’s comprised of 6 partners, 4 universities & 2 research institutes.  They pursue 6 research programs with 557 researchers in 61 research groups.  They have 9 core facilities funded with a 210M € budget.  It was founded in 2011 & scheduled to end in 2015.  Other foreign partners include VIB, EMBC, Imperial College-London, CTH-Zurich, TU-Wien, & AIT.  They want to attract US students & have taken on 14 new PhD students since 2013.
  2. was founded as an optics company in 1933 & recently opened a high-end clean room assembly & distribution facility on Long Island, & is now 90% privately held.  Most of the manufacturing is done in the Czech Republic.  They produce 850 optical & mechanical products for industrial & military applications & sports optics, such as products for aviation, semiconductors, digital projectors, binoculars, & riflescopes.  Their Czech R&D center for product engineering houses 75 scientists, 2/3 of which have PhD’s.  Their best current opportunity is with the DSIA-Defense & Security Industry Association of the Czech Republic.
  3. Cambridge Innovation Center is expanding to St. Louis, Missouri because they think that is the location with the most potential upside.
  4. Massachusetts Global Partners actually complements the Cambridge Innovation Center with their Enter Mass.-Supercluster Program.  They train/mentor/coach firms on GoToMarket strategies, technology transfer, & matchmaking. Their Czech Accelerator program offers 6 month sessions for 3 companies/session.  These started in July, 2011, so they are now in session #5.  Oscar Tech, CNS, Cathedral Software, & have come out of this program.
  5. Oscar Technologies was founded in June, 2012 in the Czech Accelerator & has expanded to Silicon Valley.  Their prototype tablet for the elderly was completed in May, 2013.  It has a meal calendar & other programs useful for the aged, & allows them to be managed remotely in Google Play.  They serve customers in 3 countries with 12 employees & are looking for distribution, advisers, investors, & a senior living facility for a pilot program.
  6. Czech Wine Imports-OK, so they’re not a tech firm, but they made a welcomed contribution to the evening’s festivities.  They feature Moravian wines from 45K acres, which produce 60M gallons.  They’ve won 78 medals & earned 25 of the top 1000 wines by Klub Sommelier.

Former Intel CEO on education, jobs, & technology

Tuesday 30 November, 2010

I attended this Chicago Council on Global Affairs event ENGINEERING A NEW GENERATION: EDUCATION, JOBS, AND TECHNOLOGY which featured former Intel CEO Craig Barrett.    Craig contributed to the report Rising above the Gathering Storm & it’s revision, which note that the 21st century is the year of the treadmill-either go faster or get kicked off:  the “flat world” has changed with 3B new capitalists.  He suggests we compete 3 ways:

  1. better education to raise our standard of living
  2. create better new ideas with more innovation, technology, & R&D;  some countries invest 5% of their GDP in R&D, while R&D investment in primary R&D in the US has been declining for 30 years
  3. set the right environment to bring together 1 & 2

Since the ultimate source of wisdom is fortune cookies, he offers 3:

cookie #1-the world accepts talent, passion & education…but the younger generation in the US is less well-educated than their parents. We’re #20 in the world in high school graduation rate:  30% of students don’t graduate;  we need to solve the drop-out rate problem.  Of the 2/3 who do graduate, 1/2 of them are not qualified for college.  The US is falling in terms of math & science education-we’re now in the bottom 1/4 of OECD countries.  Math is a serial subject which builds from year-to-year, but the probability of getting a good math teacher 12 years in a row when only 2/3 of all teachers know math is pretty slim.  Although science is not as serial a subject as math, we’re even less well-equipped in science.  We are ceding leadership while at the same time seeding leadership in other countries when 60% of students in our engineering schools are foreign nationals.  Our educational system conflicts with our immigration policies-we might has well staple green cards to PhD diplomas.  Although our universities are still the best in the world, our K-12 system “sucks,” his technical term, 1st mentioned in the A Nation at Risk report.

cookie #2-you can’t win unless you compete…Although the US is still the biggest investor in R&D by virtue of being the biggest economy in the world, the US no longer supports basic research at universities, which has fallen 60% as a % of GDP.  The US is #20 in offering R&D tax credits, which are offered on an on again/off again basis.  The budget of the National Science Foundation remains flat @ $5B.  The result is that venture capitalists take less risk.  Moore’s 2nd law states “You can’t save your way out of a recession-you can only invest your way out of it.”  The government offers many disincentives to invest in the US;  uncompetitive corporate tax rates, Sarbanes-Oxley requirements, expensive health care, etc.  Australia invested its stimulus money in building broadband infrastructure while the US invested in “shovel-ready” projects.

cookie #3-performing a small deed is better than planning a big deed…The National Governors Association together with Achieve, Inc. adopted common core curriculum standards as international benchmarks for 48 states, but only 3-4 states allow competition in education while 11 states don’t allow charter schools.  At the best schools in Arizona, where Barrett lives, only 25% of teachers are certified as educators.  The rest are subject matter experts.


  • the most common background of Fortune 500 CEO’s is engineering, so the arts are not as important as math & science in education
  • we need to focus on educating in basic skills;  the best international education Barrett got was the 1st time he lived in a foreign country
  • we need:
  1. good teachers who are subject matter experts & are respected
  2. high expectations
  3. good feedback loops
  • Arne Duncan has taken on the teacher’s unions to reward teachers based on performance & not tenure
  • Good & enthusiastic teachers get women involved in math & science.  Change the Equation helps too.
  • Although technology makes education more interesting, good teachers are the best technology.
  • We need to protect our intellectual property at the World Trade Organization to leverage US innovation.  Intel invests 15% of its revenues in R&D, & earns 90% of its revenues from new products every year.
  • Without investment in R&D years ago, we wouldn’t have developed Silicon Valley.  We need to invest in R&D & let companies run with it.  Microsoft invests $7-8B/year in R&D to fend off threats from start-ups such as Marc Andreeson, Yahoo, & Google.  Ideas can compete-we need to get them our best resources.